Canada’s traditional family justice system - with its adversarial culture and its single-minded focus on legal solutions – has tended to escalate hostility and create harmful stress for family members. Issues dealt with in our courts include parental separation and divorce, child abuse and neglect, and intimate partner violence. These are among the childhood traumas known as “Adverse Childhood Experiences” (or “ACEs”). Studies link these traumas to harmful effects on children’s brain development, and to long-term and intergenerational social and emotional problems, chronic disease, and shorter life expectancy.
But there’s work being done in BC to change our family justice system to reduce the adverse childhood experiences related to family separation. For example, four years ago the Provincial Court began to use an “Early Resolution” approach to family court cases. Then last year people from within and outside the justice system launched the Transform the Family Justice System Collaborative (TFJS) and doctors and lawyers in BC formed an alliance to reduce the health impacts of high conflict separation.
BC Provincial Court’s Early Resolution approach to family disputes
In 2015, the Provincial Court began working with the BC government on changes to the Provincial Court Family Rules designed to reduce the stress of family separation on parents and children. These changes incorporated a new family-centred approach called “the Early Resolution and Case Management Model”. It was implemented in Provincial Court in Victoria in 2019, in Surrey in 2020, and province-wide with regional variations in 2021.
The new approach uses Justice Access Centres to provide separating couples with information, a needs assessment, and referrals to meet their non-legal as well as legal needs, early in the dispute resolution process. It also includes at least one consensual dispute resolution session before parties file court applications, except when that is not appropriate due to a history of family violence or some other reason.
An evaluation of the new system in Victoria showed that 69% of families did not proceed to court with unresolved issues after participating in Early Resolution services. By helping families resolve issues sooner, the Early Resolution approach helps to reduce the high conflict between parents that is so damaging to children. And as Early Resolution lowers the number of cases needing hearings, the Court can shorten wait times for those that do, reducing stress for those families too.
For more, see these eNews articles:
• New approach to resolving family law disputes launched in Victoria Provincial Court!
• Evaluation shows “Early Resolution Model” helped families resolve disputes without court battles
• New approach to family disputes in Surrey & Victoria begins December 7, 2020
The Transform the Family Justice System Collaborative
Launched last year, the “Transform the Family Justice System Collaborative” (TFJS) is another initiative designed to reduce the family justice system’s harmful stress. It is led by Access to Justice BC (A2JBC), a group of people and organizations collaborating to improve access to justice in our family and civil courts. A2JBC is chaired by BC’s Chief Justice, Robert Bauman. Provincial Court Chief Judge Melissa Gillespie is a member of its Leadership Group.
As explained on its website, A2JBC recognizes that “from the perspective of families, legal issues are secondary to their social, relationship, parental and financial issues”, and the justice system cannot address all these issues. Nevertheless, the justice system “has a part to play in promoting the well-being of the people it serves”.
The TFJS Collaborative aims to involve people and organizations working to redesign BC’s family justice system and help them share the lessons they learn. As its work proceeds, A2JBC hopes to see:
- people thinking differently about the family justice system and family well-being
- people working with families involved in the justice system being better informed about
Adverse Childhood Experiences and resilience
- different people and different sectors involved in making changes to support families
experiencing family justice issues
- a greater focus on strategy and measurable progress, and on the system as a system
If you want to get involved, contact the TFJS Collaborative. They’re particularly interested in hearing from:
- family members (children and youth as well as adults) with experience in the current family justice system
- interested family law lawyers, mediators, judges, and other justice sector service providers
- leaders of justice sector organizations working to improve the family justice system
- interested Indigenous justice and community leaders
- organization leaders and professionals from other sectors interested in working together to transform the family justice system
For more, see the TFJS Collaborative website
The Health and Justice Alliance
Doctors of BC and the Law Society of BC formed the “Health and Justice Alliance” last year to reduce the health impacts of high conflict separation. Doctors and lawyers joined forces to share information and insights about families going through high-conflict separation and divorce in two “Working Together for Families” sessions.
More than 100 doctors and lawyers attended the first session to learn about Adverse Childhood Experiences and engage in dialogue. In the second session they discussed the impact on professionals who deal with toxic situations and explored how best to serve patients and clients involved in high-conflict separation. Then, in a day-long follow-up session, they generated practical ideas for collaborative action to improve those families’ experiences.
For more, see:
BC Doctors and Lawyers Team Up to Help Kids of Divorce – The Tyee June 16, 2022 interview with Dr. Ramneek Dosanjh
B.C doctors, lawyers come together to help reduce youth trauma - May 7, 2022 Global News
The Court’s Early Resolution approach addresses some aspects of the family justice system that increase toxic stress and worsen ACEs – components like delays in resolving issues, lack of legal advice and information, and lack of counselling for non-legal issues.
By educating British Colombians, particularly justice system stakeholders, about the impact of Adverse Childhood Experiences TFJS is helping to sharpen the focus of family justice reform efforts on the well-being of children and families.
And by involving the medical profession in efforts to reform the justice system, the Health and Justice Alliance is breaking down the traditional “siloed” approach and providing a valuable new perspective.
Photo credits: JW (1) and Ben Wicks (2) on Unsplash