Small Claims Matters

The Small Claims Act gives the Provincial Court civil jurisdiction over claims for debt or damages, recovery of personal property, relief from opposing claims to personal property, and specific performance of agreements involving personal property or services, to a monetary limit of $25,000. Procedures for litigating Small Claims matters are found under the Small Claims Rules.

The Court does not have jurisdiction to grant remedies affecting an interest in land, personal property security, bankruptcies, trademarks, wills and estates, libel, slander, malicious prosecution, residential tenancy (though orders may be enforced in Provincial Court), and almost all builders' lien matters. In addition, the federal government cannot be sued in Provincial Court under the Small Claims Act.

In Small Claims Court, the process your case will follow depends on the court location where your claim was filed. Over time, some court locations have applied a different approach to resolving Small Claims disputes. The table below provides an outline of Small Claims court processes. For more information on court processes, visit Small Claims BC.

Vancouver Richmond Surrey, N. Vancouver, Nanaimo, Victoria All Other Locations
Summary Trial
(Financial Debt)
Simplified Trial
(Up to $5000)
Court Mediation Program
(Up to $10,000)
Simplified Trial
(Up to $5000)
Mediation (Optional)
($10,000 - $25,000)
Mediation (Optional)
($10,000 - $25,000)
Mediation (Optional)
($10,000 - $25,000)
Mediation ($5,000 - $25,000) Settlement Conference Settlement Conference Settlement Conference
Trial Conference Trial Conference Trial Conference Trial Conference
Trial Trial Trial Trial